|Edgar Allan Poe was
born in 1809. He died at the age of 4o years in 1849. He was an American
poet, critic, and short story writer known for his ability to create a
dark and haunting tale, whether in short stories (like the "Tell-Tale
Heart") or in poetry (like "The
|Poe's mother died
when he was just two years old, at which time he was cared for by John
Allan. He briefly attended the University of Virginia, but fled
academic life for Boston. He published several poems in 1827 and
began to write short stories, winning $50 from a Baltimore weekly for
his "Ms. Found in a Bottle".
|Poe became coeditor
of Philadelphia-based "Burton's Gentlemen's Magazine" in 1839,
where some of his best short stories appeared.
"The Raven" appeared in 1845, bringing him national acclaim.
Many of his works were not published until his death in 1849 -- a death
blamed on his alcoholism but which has since been thought to possibly be
rabies based on historical evidence of his symptoms.
|While much of Poe's
work plays on readers' fears, he also had a sensitive side as seen in
some his poetry, including "Annabel Lee."
Poe's influence was not limited to the United States. He was
regarded by many international poets as the poetic model and guide to
criticism, chiefly French Symbolism, which relied heavily on his
"The Philosophy of Composition" in the creation of its modern
theory of "pure poetry."